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Achieving a $1 Trillion Economy by 2030: Insights from NESG

by Harry Choms

Mr. Niyi Yusuf, Chairman of the Nigerian Economic Summit Group (NESG), outlined key strategies to propel Nigeria towards a $1 trillion economy by 2030. At a pre-Ramadan lecture organized by the University of Lagos Muslim Alumni (UMA), Yusuf emphasized the pivotal role of attracting foreign direct investments (FDI), curbing inflation, and addressing foreign exchange volatility.

Yusuf underscored Nigeria’s relatively low FDI inflows over the past six to seven years, indicating a need for concerted efforts to enhance investment attractiveness.

To realize the $1 trillion milestone, Yusuf outlined three pathways:

  1. Export Diversification and Sophistication Strategy: Promoting the diversification and enhancement of Nigeria’s export base to capture new markets and foster economic growth.
  2. Innovation and Digital Transformation Strategy: Harnessing innovation and digital technologies to drive productivity, efficiency, and competitiveness across various sectors.
  3. Sub-national Integration Strategy: Promoting collaboration and integration among Nigeria’s states to leverage regional strengths and resources for collective economic advancement.

Yusuf highlighted pressing economic challenges, including soaring inflation rates—particularly in food prices—and the imperative to bolster tax revenue to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ratio from the current eight percent to 15 percent.

He pointed out structural inefficiencies such as multiple checkpoints, bureaucratic bottlenecks, and inadequate infrastructure, hindering economic progress. Addressing these issues, tackling insecurity and enhancing the ease of doing business is crucial for stimulating investment and growth.

Yusuf emphasized the need for fiscal discipline, capital expenditure prioritization, and prudent management of resources to foster sustainable economic development. He advocated increased investment in critical sectors like agriculture, ICT, and infrastructure to drive job creation and economic resilience.

Furthermore, Yusuf stressed the significance of resolving the electricity supply deficit, as reliable power infrastructure is essential for industrialization and economic growth.

Yusuf emphasized that achieving a $1 trillion economy necessitates concerted efforts to stabilize the economy, enhance the investment climate, and prioritize strategic interventions across key sectors. By addressing structural challenges and implementing targeted reforms, Nigeria can unlock its immense economic potential and realize sustainable prosperity for its citizens.


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